History of the Birsa College, Khunti

      Birsa College, Khunti being one of the oldest constituent units of Ranchi University, Ranchi in the State of Jharkhand has been established on the 2nd July 1962 by a group of local philanthropists. Thus, the foundation day of the College is on 2nd July 1962 when Pre-University Classed were started with the amalgamation of two separate educational entities named BIRSA BHAGWAN College & KHUNTI College. After amalgamation the newly formed college was Christened as BIRSA COLLEGE, Khunti, with a view to honoring the great freedom fighter and son of the soil Immortal BIRSA MUNDA. The Khunti District situated on the National High way No. 75 (E) at a distance of 40 KM south from the State Capital City Ranchi is a densely tribal populated area of Jharkhand. Geographically, the place is a hilly forest region inhabited by socially and economically deprived communities e.g. Schedule Caste/Scheduled Tribes/OBC/Minority Communities/Weaker Sections of the society. The College was established with a pious mission and vision to transform the prevailing Social life-pattern of the people through imparting Higher Education to the young generations of the Society. The Foundation Stone of the existing College Building was laid by the then Hon’ble Governor of Bihar His Highness Shri Anant Shayanam Aiyangar on the 9th October, 1964 in the presence of the then Hon’ble Vice-Chancellor Colonel Sri Sharangadhar Singh. In no time the college established itself as a cradle of Higher Education for the students of the area and hence the College Management was accorded permission to start the teaching of Bachelor of Arts up to Honours standard along with the Teaching of Intermediate of Science. Thereafter the teaching of Honours standard in Bachelor of Science also in the subjects Physics, Chemistry, Botany and Zoology in order to full-fill the aspirations of Science Students seeking admission to Science Faculty with the permission of the University. The College was converted into a Constituent Unit of Ranchi University, Ranchi in year, 1977. In year 1982, the teaching in Commerce Stream was also added up to Bachelor Honours Standard by the permission of the University. Later on the Self Financing Courses have been started with the teaching of BCA Hons and BBA Hons after having permission from the University again.

The College has a sprawling campus of thirty two acres of area surrounded by stone-built boundary wall encompassing, the main College Building, Science Building, well-equipped Laboratories of the Depts. of Physics, Chemistry, Botany, Zoology, Geography, Psychology and Computer Science, Library, Girls’ Common room, Boys’ Common Room, Cafeteria, Cycle Shed, Boys ’Welfare Hostel, Girls’ Welfare Hostel, fenced Hockey ground, Football ground, a grand Stadium, Volleyball court, Cricket ground have been developed. The Western part of the boundary wall is attached with the Ranchi-Chaibasa National Highway No. 75 (E) whereas the Southern wall is attached with Khunti -Jamshedpur Road. The main Gate of the College is made at the frontal part of the Boundary Wall i.e.; Western part of Boundary wall of the main College Building. The main College Building is double-storied and is consisting of the Administrative section and the Classrooms. The Administrative Part is having Principal Chamber, General Section, Account Section, Teaching Staff Room, NCC Office, Admission Counters of Arts, Science, and Commerce in the Ground Floor. Besides all these, Physics Laboratory, Chemistry Lab-I, Geography Laboratory, Computer Lab cum IQAC Office, History department, NSS Office and TRL department are also housed on the ground floor of same part of the main Building. On the first floor of the Administrative part of main building a grand Library attached with well furnished Reading Hall is situated. The Classrooms stand occupied separately in fourteen accommodations part of the main Building is consisting of fourteen big Classrooms including one Psychology Lab. Cum Classroom out of which seven Rooms are in the Ground Floor and the rest seven rooms are in the first floor. All the Classrooms are well furnished. The main building is provided with seven toilets (two for boys, two for girls, two staff toilets and one Principal Chamber) and one Aqua-guard for fresh Drinking Water. One Toilet attached with the Library is under Construction. The Science Building built in the south of the main Building comprises of Chemistry Lab-II, Botany Laboratory, Zoology Laboratory, one Class Room, a common Toilet for Staff & Students and one Aqua-guard for fresh Drinking Water. The Girls Common provided with Toilet Facility is located at frontal side of the main building.

      The College extends the facility of Co-education to the students to acquire Bachelor Honours Degrees in Arts, Science and Commerce Streams. In the Arts Faculty eleven subjects i.e., Hindi, English, Tribal Regional Languages (Mundari,Nagpuri,Kurmali), Economics, Political Science, History, Philosophy, Psychology and Geography, in Science Faculty five subjects i.e., Physics, Chemistry, Mathematics, Botany and Zoology, and Commerce Faculty Accounts Honours are taught. There are altogether fifteen permanent Teachers out of which in Arts fifteen and in Science five are there whereas in Commerce two Guest Teachers are engaging classes. Among the twenty Teachers fifteen Teachers are Ph.D. Degree holders.

      In addition to it, four Demonstrators are assisting in experimental Classes of their subject concerned laboratories. So far as concerns to the Non-Teaching Staff there are five Third Grade including one Assistant Librarian and eleven Fourth Grade Staff. At present more than Six thousand Students are studying in the College in which the strength of Boys’ counterpart is 40% and Girls’ is 60%. Of them majority are belonging to the Tribal Community (almost 70%) and other are from SC/OBC/Minority Class/Economically & socially deprived Communities. In admission, transparency is maintained and the Govt. policies are adopted, however due to rush of Tribal students they are admitted dominantly. The performance of the college in the field of education is noteworthy although handful of Teaching and Non-Teaching Staff are there. Almost every year more than 60% students acquiring their Bachelor Honours Degrees in Arts, Science and Commerce faculties. Many students have glorified the college with their brilliant successes e.g., the Gold Medalist & the best Graduate of the year 2014 of all faculties of Ranchi University, Ranchi Ms. Tanusri Kumari the student of Mathematics Honours of our College, the I.I.T. qualified with superior rank Ms. Susri IshitaAnkit, the Student of Chemistry Honours, the University Topper of TRL Mundari Honours Sri Samson Tani etc. One Girl NCC cadet Ms. Sunita Sanga of 3rd Girl BN NCC (BIRSA COLLEGE, KHUNTI) represented Jharkhand Bihar, Directorate, Patna in The REPUBLIC DAY in New Delhi in 2015.

      The students are also involved in extension activities such as "the Swachh Bharat Abhiyaan", "AIDS awareness programme", "Plantation programme", "Matdata Jagrukta Abhiyaan", "Saksharta Abhiyaan", "Celebration of YuwaDiwas", "EktaDiwas" etc. through the platforms of NSS and NCC Units of our College in order to implant the sense of patriotism in them. The curricular activities like Celebrations of Teachers’ Day, Karma Utsav, Sarhul Utsav are also organized to enlighten their hidden personalities as well as to grow the sense of brotherhood among them.

      The performance of the Boys and Girls students in the field of Sports and Games is also noteworthy because of the fact that our college has got varieties of the Play Grounds i.e., Hockey, Volleyball, Basketball, Cricket, Football etc. where our students perform regular practices under the supervision of R U Game Experts and our Sport in charge. Almost every year our players are honoured with top ranking rewards either on the occasion of the Ranchi University Tournaments or the Inter-University Tournaments, particularly in the field of Hockey our players have snatched the Ranchi University Championship Trophy dozens of times during R.U.

      Inter college Tournaments in past. In the current year our students in Archery have seized the Championship Medals in the R.U. Inter College Competition-2016. Invariably every year our College is authorized to organize the R.U. Inter College Tournaments, particularly in Men’s & Women’s Hockey and our college Management is credited for successful organization every occasion. It is also to be mentioned that the College Management had successfully organized the Ranchi University Inter College Athletics Meet-2013 in year 2013. In the current year the College is authorized to organize RU Inter College Tournament-2016 in Boys Hockey and Selection Trial-2016 of Women’s Hockey. The College has presented several of national and international levels of Men & Women Hockey players to the country e.g. Miss Began Soy, the Goal-Keeper of the Indian Women’s’ Hockey Team, the winner of the Bronze Trophy of World Women’s’ Hockey (junior)-2013, Mrs. Phoolkriya Nag, Mrs. Helen Soy, Mrs. Pushpa Pradhan, Mr. Alexus Lakra, Mr. C.A. Hans etc. The activity of Sports and Games is also realized to be the good platform of career building for our Students because almost every year our Students are being employed in Public and Private Sectors on the ground of sports activities.

      A part of it, National Seminars, State level Seminars, Seminars on the issues Global problems & social problems are also being held from time to time under the patronage of Ranchi University or the State Govt. to awaken the young generations to ensure their participation for total solution of the problems. Recently in Year 2015, the U.G.C. sponsored National Seminar on the topic of “Foreign Direct Investment in Retail Sector: Challenges & Opportunities” was organized with the initiative of our Political Science Department in which valuable ideas were shared by Scholars of different parts of our country.

      Not only this, our qualified Teachers are also remain involved in Research works as Guides, Research Projects, Paper publication works in Journals, Writing Books in their fields, taking part in State & National Seminars, participating to UGC-Sponsored Orientation Programmes/Refresher Courses as Resource persons or Course Co-ordinators or Participants.

      Keeping in view of the growing demand from the side of the Students and Guardians of this area, an intense initiative for starting Teaching of B.Ed. Course and opening of the Centre for IGNOU at the College have already been taken.

      It is only due to the soft corner of the authorities of Ranchi University, University Grant Commission and our State Government that the College is attaining its mission and vision day by day with the improvement of its infrastructural and academic frameworks by the honest efforts a team of fourteen permanent and regular highly qualified Teachers, four Demonstrators and four 3rd Grade & four 4th Grade Non-Teaching Staff, as also these apart a good number of thirty four contractually appointed teachers in various departments have been teaching in this college from 10-01-2018, under the dynamic and affectionately competent leadership of the Present Principal Dr. Renuka Thakur.